Relationship between Built Form, Travel Behavior and Energy Use in Gated Communities in Bangalore

By Anjali Mahendra, Lakshmi Rajagopalan, Saritha Sudhakaran, Nathan Page - Oct 2014

EMBARQ, the Cities and Transport program of the World Resources Institute’s (WRI), established partnerships with real estate developers planning and constructing large developments in the Bangalore metropolitan region.  These partnerships were intended to influence developers to identify opportunities to: (1) adopt sustainable urban mobility strategies and solutions that promote energy-efficient travel by foot, bicycle, and public transit, and (2) incorporate renewable energy to the extent possible and in the process, enable a scale-up in demand. As part of the project, EMBARQ India conducted energy and sustainability audits for three large developments in Bangalore that are in the planning stages and visual assessments and household surveys at six existing gated communities. The survey focused on detailed travel patterns and residents’ perceptions of the urban environment in which they live, attitudes about transport facilities and options, as well as preferences for different transport modes and commute patterns.

This report presents a summary of observations from the visual assessments and results from the 445 household surveys conducted in these gated communities from November 2013 to April 2014 and highlights key benchmarks for specific indicators of residents’ travel patterns in gated communities. Finally the report evaluates the impacts of EMBARQ’s Design Audit Recommendations on Household Energy Consumption.

If you have any questions or comments, or would like to know more about this research, contact Lakshmi Rajagopalan at